The central question in the article is whether international institutions really matter. The author poses the question, “do international institutions really matter?” hence highlighting the central question in the article (Koremenos, Lipson and Snidal 761). The central answer in the article is that the international institutions matter, as states can utilize them to further their goals and achieve a myriad of other objectives envisaged by the country. These institutions also help them achieve a high sense of cooperation. One of the most significant alternatives is put forward by constructivists, who affirm that international institutions play the crucial independent role of spreading global norms. This implies that these institutions are always in place to ensure that a common tradition and form of operation is embraced by all members around the globe. Another alternative explanation is given by realists, who opine that international institutions are ciphers for state power. This means that international institutions become dominant parties in controlling the power of the state with hidden agendas. The relationship between theory and evidence is that these institutions vary significantly across the globe and they provide guidelines that ensure states move toward their set goals. Empirical conclusions significantly relate to the theory as they assert the similar conclusions as those brought out in the theoretical conclusions. For instance, empirical conclusions indicate that international institutions are always in place to facilitate globalization and cooperation. Similarly, the theoretical conclusion emphasizes that states actors would always work together to facilitate the effectiveness of international institutions.
The article is effective in the manner it gives the various definitions of the term international institutions, and is explicating the various characteristics of these institutions. The authors begin with an overview of the nature of these institutions in terms of their organization and the manner of operation. Notably, the authors begin with the assertion that these institutions vary distinctively in their organization as some are global while others are regional with a restricted number of members. This overview provides the stepping-stone to build a concrete definition of international institutions and the authors achieve this effectively. They come up with a significant definition highlighting the view that international institutions are the arrangements reached by different states with the aim of attaining collaboration in their entire operations. They take both a theoretical and empirical definition of international institutions, hence enabling readers gain an in depth understanding of what they entail and what their operations are. Additionally, they compare their definition to the ideas given by realists and constructivists who hold a different view. It is crucial to note that the provision of the different views concerning international institutions help the authors to come up with a concrete definition that appeals to and convinces readers of the article. Therefore, the authors effectively justify their definition and overview of international institutions with immense evidence.
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More so, the article instrumentally presents the central research question before coming to state the areas of focus that would be used to fully address the question. The central question is whether the international institutions matter around the globe. The authors start by posing the question, “do international institutions really matter?” This question helps the reader of the article get to understand the focus of the paper and the issues to expect as the discussion proceeds. Again, the question serves as a head start to understanding the entire article and the matters addressed in the article. After bringing forward the central question, the authors proceed effectively to the significant areas they would address to ensure that the question is answered properly. Thus, they point out several areas such as membership, scope, centralization, control, and flexibility. All these areas play a crucial role in helping understand the question and the wider area of international institutions. They explain the question by explaining membership and the way it is able to vary across various institutions. They also expound on the centralization of responsibilities in these institutions, hence helping in the understanding of their varied nature. In addition, the authors are keen to explicate the scope of these institutions, hence bringing to light their areas of operation and their roles in these areas (Koremenos, Lipson and Snidal 764). The assertion of the question and the accompanying areas of interest ensure that readers get to understand the topic under discussion effectively without any sense of confusion.
Importantly also, the article expounds on the various works already done by other researchers in the area. It presents an enormous section of the literature review, which brings out the views held by various researchers on the nature of international institutions and their operations. The presentation of these works is crucial as it gives the reader an opportunity to get the views of other researchers on the topic of researchers. These views facilitate the rate of understandability among readers of the article and build their confidence in understanding the contents of the article. Apart from presenting the views of other researchers per se, the authors go ahead to present the various criticisms brought about by these researchers in the explanation of the topic of international institutions (Koremenos, Lipson and Snidal 798). The works utilized in this article also support the relevancy and reliability of the content presented about international institutions. They also help in the understandability of the topic and the entire concept of globalization. Thus, readers are able to link the views asserted by the authors, and those asserted by previous researchers, hence gaining a full understanding of international institutions, their operations, and their structure.