Developing a Personal Learning Philosophy (Benchmark Assessment)
Some of the early childhood theories include behaviorism, developmental, and social-cultural. Starting with behaviorism by Skinner Bandura, the development of the child is through behavior, the modification of the child’s behavior shape s the development of the child. a bad behavior should be rewarded with punishment or discouragement but a good behavior should be reinforced . a child’s development can be altered because of the response to the behavior of a child and it can be positively or negatively. The good behavior should be encouraged through positive reward to reinforce it. Through this, a child will continue with the good behavior to get more rewords. This is important in teaching skills and improves the learning behavior of a child. Secondly there is development theory by piaget Erikson which states that, the development of a child is because of the surrounding, since children get knowledge through playing, therefore the child develops his mental skills by the environment around them and the things they involve into, through learning they get to develop some mile stones .
These mile stones help in the learning process, the teacher is able to make a plan and ask the children to play it this will help their development. Another theory is the social-cultural theory, which includes the language that the children talk and the people they relate .Being a child is in the process of growing both socially and culturally, since they are still developing, and are able to do what cannot be expected. Therefore, a good environment shapes the behavior of a child. the people they deal with such as adults and the age mates affects the child growth by either supporting or discouraging a given behavior, but this should be encouraged through practice and demonstration . The teachers usually listen and observe keenly to the child’s behavior. Through this, they are able to try to carry out a given task a task.
An early childhood professional is a person with a dedicated heart not just to teach but to their life in the development of the child. These are through enhancement of learning, socially, emotionally, cognitively, and watch the growth skills of the child. This person has to make his work to help the development of the child and always check on the philosophy and check on the education. The professional must keep getting more knowledge through research and further study to have a growth in the career. There are new ways in childbearing so a good profession of childhood needs to keep updated to these new methods (Raban 2007).
The roles of the early childhood educator as a professional in teaching and learning of children should be able to create a good learning environment for the children, these should include being aware that they all come from different backgrounds and culture so the teacher pays much attention to this. The early childhood teacher also tries t inculcate good behavior and reinforce a positive behavior, he should also teach good morals and ethics. They ensure giving learning instructions at school. They also emphasize the parental knowledge and skills, with the help of the parents in decision-making, communication when at school and home (Raban 2007). This can go hand in hand with the help of other teachers to help the child to develop speech, behavior, and so. The professional educator works as an advocate of the child because they help to promote the knowledge and skills of the children as well as enhance on the good morals and values on behalf of the parents. They also advocate for the children to the parents by keenly observing and studying behavior and give feedback to the parents.
Technology plays an important in the teaching learning environment of the children. It gives the teacher an easy time to prepare for the learning material as well as the research can be done easily. Technology improves the fluency of the child since they can practice and repeat the recorded sounds through technology (Raban 2007. There is the introduction of digital fluency, which enhances the fluency of the child comfortably and naturally by use of the computer and other digital devices. The children are also able to learn through message boards and other social networks. They can practice their voices and sounds through the computer. There narrative sessions on the computer this sharpens their listening skills, it is as well a source of entertainment. Technology also encourages the disabled children to feel equal. Technology enhances positive socialization with the children and the peers (Sartorio 1993)
The environment is an essential aspect to consider in the teaching and learning of the children from birth to grade three. From the cognitive perspective, the learning environment shapes the cognitive development of the child. The environment usually changes the way the children think. If the learning environment for instance is harsh for a child, the child will develop a negative attitude towards learning (Brown 2007). Children are encouraged through reinforcements. A positive learning environment will attract and motivate the learning and enhance the understanding of the children. If a child is exposed to violent environment maybe from school or home, it will affect the learning process of that child since he will have developed a sense of fear and insecurity. The role of the parents and the educators is therefore to ensure they provide a good learning environment t for the children (Sartorio 1993).